Alma Eikoh Japan Large Cap Equity Fund



  • Alma Eikoh Japan Large Cap Equity Fund invests in a concentrated number of Japanese equities selected through a “bottom up” process.
  • The fund’s management is delegated to Eikoh Research Investment Management.

Share Class


Cumulative Performance (%)

Fund Inception 12 June 2014

Daily Monthly Ytd 1Yr 3Yr 5Yr Incept. Incept.Date

The performance data shown represents past performance. Past performance is not a guarantee of future results. Current performance may be lower or higher than the performance quoted. The investment return and the principal value of an investment will fluctuate so that an investor’s shares, when redeemed, may be worth more or less than their original cost.

Strategy & Manager

Funds Strategy

Investment objective: to seek long- term capital growth by investing generally in Japanese large cap stocks (with market capitalization in excess of US $1bn)

  • Investment process: Analyse long-term company fundamentals through extensive in-house bottom up research with a strong risk management ethos.
  • Portfolio of around 25-30 companies which are well managed, profitable and with good prospects. Portfolio managers believe that Cash Flow Return on Investment and value creation are key.
  • Benchmark: Topix

Investment Manager

ERIM LLP: firm founded by the Japanese equity fund management team at Deutsche Asset Management in London, as part of a supported spin-out from Deutsche Bank. Regulated by the FCA and the SEC.

  • Eikoh focuses on research and investment in Japanese listed companies
  • The portfolio managers have worked together for over 15 years
  • Eikoh has both institutional and high net worth individual clients. The firm manages circa US$1.3 bn in long-short and long-only strategies (subscribed assets)

Key Persons

James Pulsford – Chief Executive and Chief Investment Officer

James started his career at Morgan Grenfell in 1987, moving to Japan shortly thereafter. During his 12 years in Tokyo, he went on to become the Head of the Small Cap Equity team. James returned to London in 1999 where he managed a number of Japanese large cap products for what became Deutsche Asset Management. As well as various Japanese long only mandates, James has developed the Equilibria Japan long/short strategy at this time. James now has over 30 years’ experience investing in Japan and speaks fluent Japanese. He holds a BA from Oxford University.


Sara Gardiner-Hill – Senior Portfolio Manager

Sara is one of the founding members of Eikoh and has been with the firm since inception. Prior to the establishment of Eikoh, Sara had been with Deutsche Asset Management since 2001 where she was a portfolio manager for the Japan long/short strategy since its inception in 2002, as well as a portfolio manager for the Investment Manager’s long only mandates. After leaving university, Sara spent 3 years in Japan working and learning Japanese before moving back to the UK to start her career in investment management. Sara is a CFA Charter holder as well as a Fellow of the Securities Institute and holds a BA from Oxford University.


Karl Hammond – Portfolio Manager

Karl formally joined James and Sara in 2009 although he had been working closely with them since he joined Deutsche Bank in 2003. Karl initially managed a number of Japanese and Global funds within the Deutsche Bank $2bn Global Diversified business and DB Global Investment Management’s $3bn institutional and private client equity business. Karl is a CFA Charter holder and holds a first class BA from the University of Nottingham.

Statistics & Commentary


The performance data shown represents past performance. Past performance is not a guarantee of future results. Current performance may be lower or higher than the performance data quoted. The investment return and the principal value of an investment will fluctuate so that an investor's shares, when redeemed, may be worth more or less than their original cost.

Sector Breakdown as a % of AUM

as of 31/10/2018

Portfolio Characteristics

as of 31/10/2018
Main indicators Fund Index
No. of securities 27 2106
Weighted Average Market Cap (¥ bn) 4525 3258
Median Market Cap (¥ bn) 2512 53
Dividend Yield (%) 2.3 2.3
Historical Price / Earnings 13.4x 13.1x
Historical Price / Cashflow 9.7x 8.3x
Historical Price / Book 1.2x 1.2x
Volatility since inception (%) 20.5 19.0
Sharpe ratio since inception (%) 3.0 2.4
Active share (%) 83.6 -
Beta since inception 1.03 -
Tracking error since inception (%) 5.5 -
Information ratio since inception 2.7 -

Top 10 Position Details

as of 31/10/2018
Security name Sector % AUM
TOYOTA MOTOR CORP Consumer Discretionary 7.60
MURATA MANUFACTURING CO LTD Information Technology 4.79
KOMATSU LTD Industrials 3.92
ROHM CO LTD Information Technology 3.72
AJINOMOTO CO INC Consumer Staples 3.71

Investment Manager's Commentary

as of 31/10/2018

Market Review and Outlook

Along with other global markets Topix (TPX Index) slumped during October, declining by 9.42%. The main cause of the fall was a combination of fears of slowing global growth centred on China and rising inflationary pressures in the US. Tough Brexit negotiations, US trade policy, and the murder of the journalist Jamal Khashogi were subsidiary factors. The decline was led by economic cyclicals such as shipping, chemicals and machinery with defensive sectors including utilities and food manufacturing proving resilient. A notable feature of the month was very heavy selling by foreign investors.

Economic announcements over the period provide some evidence of a softening in global economic conditions. Chinese GDP growth slowed from +6.7% to +6.5% in Q3 and industrial production slipped from +6.1% to +5.8% in September. Further evidence of slowing demand in China was also provided by weaker order and sales data by a number of Japanese companies operating in the region. Domestic economic statistics were also weak, however care needs to be taken in interpreting these as activity in September was clearly impacted by the combination of severe typhoon damage in Kansai and the earthquake in Hokkaido. Industrial production in September fell by -2.9% MoM and -1.1% YoY and machinery orders were also very weak falling by -18.3% MoM. The economy watchers survey current conditions index remains relatively depressed at 47.7 and the outlook dipped from 50.7 to 49.9 in October. The labour market paints a more encouraging picture however with the unemployment rate falling 0.1% to 2.3% in October and the job offer to applicant ratio hitting a new high at 1.64x. Q2 results for Japanese companies showed a mixed picture but overall pointed to a slowdown from Q1 with operating profits growth for non-financial companies slipping from +5.4% to +2.4%.

Trade relations between the US and China and the underlying strength of the Chinese economy remain key determinants of stock market performance. The rise in US bond yields to a recent high of 3.2% has unsettled investors and whether inflationary pressures build further will also have a major impact on likely valuation levels. Conversely the domestic picture appears both more stable and more encouraging though clearly any change in global economic conditions would have a significant impact on the industrial sector here. Going forward we expect the Abe administration to further enhance the pro-business and growth policies that have characterised it so far. Abe and his team are keen to ensure that domestic economic momentum is sufficiently robust in autumn 2019 to go ahead with the planned consumption tax increase from 8% to 10% and further stimulatory measures are likely to be enacted before then. There have already been announcements of measures to stimulate housing and accelerate the transition to cashless payments and in 2019 we expect a combination of both stimulatory spending, deregulation and tax changes designed to support economic growth. Abe potentially has another three years in power as Prime Minister and he aims to restore the economy to sufficient health such that the BOJ can start to taper its stimulus from a position of strength.

Foreign capital flows have been very volatile in 2018 and they turned very sharply negative in October with Y4.3trn being sold bringing year to date selling to Y11.0trn, a figure that comes close to matching the historically large inflows experienced in 2013. The major buyers so far this year have been business corporations conducting share buybacks, the BOJ with their ongoing ETF purchase programme as well as domestic pension funds who have been net buyers into the weak market. The market is trading at 1.22x book, on an estimated PER of 13.1x and a dividend yield of 2.22%.


The Fund fell 9.09% (USD hedged share class) in October, outperforming Topix which fell by 9.41% (dividends reinvested). The Fund’s outperformance over the month was driven by sector allocation with stock selection detracting. The largest contributors to performance were stock selection in technology hardware and autos as well as stock selection and being overweight banks and semiconductors & semiconductor equipment. Detractors included stock selection within healthcare equipment & services, retailing, pharmaceuticals and commercial & professional services.

At the stock level the largest positive contributors included MUFG and SMFG as the banking sector outperformed against the backdrop of a declining market. Low valuations, improved shareholder returns and rising global yields are all proving supportive for the sector. Other positives included Murata Manufacturing as their core ceramic capacitor market continues to show tight supply/demand conditions leading to an improved pricing environment, Mitsui Mining & Smelting, and not holding any Softbank amid concerns on its links with Saudi Arabia who have funded a large portion of their Vision Fund. The main negative contributors included M3 which fell following the announcement of H1 results on signs that cost increase are holding back profit growth. Given the high returns and significant growth potential available to M3 we judge this forward investment to be the correct strategy for the company and have added to our position. Hitachi Chemical also detracted as profit improvements failed to match market expectations and the company announced that improper testing practices affected more products than initially though. While much of these have subsequently been verified with customers we continue to monitor the situation for developments. Other negatives included Sosei, Persol Holdings and Zozo Inc (Start Today) which all underperformed amid the wider market sell-off.

During the month transactions centred on adding to existing positions where valuations are attractive and fundamentals remain favourable. We added to both Mitsui Fudosan and Mitsubishi Estate as we believe that they are significantly undervalued based on asset values. With the real estate market continuing to improve and the feared 2018 office supply issue almost behind us we believe that the sector is due a re-rating reflecting a favourable outlook for vacancies and rent levels. We also added to Toyota Motor reflecting their strong position in the sector and evidence of market share gains in Europe and China helped by their technological lead against many peers which will allow them to better manage tightening emission standards. M3, Persol Holdings and Fujitsu were all added after recent underperformance left them looking more attractive given stable fundamentals. These purchases were funded through the sale of three portfolio positions. Sumco was sold reflecting evidence of increased semiconductor wafer supply which may weigh on prices at a time when costs are rising for the company. Toray was also sold reflecting concerns that rising costs from raw material prices and the recent acquisition of TenCate would weigh on profitability. We also made the decision to sell Pola Orbis as recent news suggests a reigniting of issues concerning the late founder’s shares and the risk that management get drawn into a legal battle concerning this.

Facts & Documents


Fund Domicile: Luxembourg

Management Fee: 0.90% p.a. for I shares


Fund Launch: 12 June 2014

Base Currency: JPY

Depositary, Administrator, Transfert Agent: BNP Paribas Securities Services (LU)

Dealing: Each day with 1-day notice

Cut-off time: 12 pm CET

Management Company: Alma Capital Investment Management (LU)

Investment Manager: ERIM LLP (London, UK)

Fund Managers: James Pulsford, Sara Gardiner-Hill, Karl Hammond

Countries where the fund is registered:
Austria, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Switzerland, United Kingdom, France, Singapore


Institutional USD Hedged Capitalisation share class
ISIN: LU1013117160   Ticker: AEJIUHA LX    Launch: 12 Jun 2014

Institutional GBP Hedged Capitalisation share class
ISIN: LU1013116949   Ticker: AEJIGHA LX    Launch: 12 Jun 2014

Institutional EUR Hedged Capitalisation share class
ISIN: LU1013116782   Ticker: AEJIEHA LX    Launch: 10 Dec 2014

Institutional JPY Capitalisation share class
ISIN: LU1013116519   Ticker: AEJPIJA LX    Launch: 10 Dec 2014

Institutional GBP Unhedged Capitalisation share class
ISIN: LU1152097108   Ticker: AEKJEGC LX    Launch: 17 Feb 2015


  1. Articles of Association
  2. Prospectus - Other languages available upon request
  3. List of subcustodians
  4. Audited annual report
  5. Semi-annual report
  6. Monthly reports
KIIDS Other sub-funds and other languages
available upon request