Alma Eikoh Japan Large Cap Equity Fund



  • Alma Eikoh Japan Large Cap Equity Fund invests in a concentrated number of Japanese equities selected through a “bottom up” process.
  • The fund’s management is delegated to Eikoh Research Investment Management.

Share Class


Cumulative Performance (%)

Fund Inception 12 June 2014

Daily Monthly Ytd 1Yr 3Yr 5Yr Incept. Incept.Date

The performance data shown represents past performance. Past performance is not a guarantee of future results. Current performance may be lower or higher than the performance quoted. The investment return and the principal value of an investment will fluctuate so that an investor’s shares, when redeemed, may be worth more or less than their original cost.

Strategy & Manager

Funds Strategy

Investment objective: seek long-term capital growth by investing generally in Japanese large cap stocks (with market  capitalisation in excess of US$ 1bn)

• Investment process: analyse long term company fundamentals through extensive in-house bottom up research with a strong risk management ethos

• Portfolio of around 25-30 companies which are well managed, profitable and with good prospects. Portfolio managers believe that Cash Flow Return on Investment and value creation are key

• Benchmark: Topix

Investment Manager

ERIM LLP: firm founded by the Japanese equity fund management team at Deutsche Asset Management in London, as part of a supported spin-out from Deutsche Bank. Regulated by the FCA and the SEC.

• The portfolio managers, led by James Pulsford, have worked together for over 15 years
• Eikoh focuses on research and investment in Japanese listed companies

Key Persons

James Pulsford – Chief Executive and Chief Investment Officer

James started his career at Morgan Grenfell in 1987, moving to Japan shortly thereafter. During his 12 years in Tokyo, he went on to become the Head of the Small Cap Equity team. James returned to London in 1999 where he managed a number of Japanese large cap products for what became Deutsche Asset Management. As well as various Japanese long only mandates, James has developed the Equilibria Japan long/short strategy at this time. James now has over 30 years’ experience investing in Japan and speaks fluent Japanese. He holds a BA from Oxford University.


Sara Gardiner-Hill – Senior Portfolio Manager

Sara is one of the founding members of Eikoh and has been with the firm since inception. Prior to the establishment of Eikoh, Sara had been with Deutsche Asset Management since 2001 where she was a portfolio manager for the Japan long/short strategy since its inception in 2002, as well as a portfolio manager for the Investment Manager’s long only mandates. After leaving university, Sara spent 3 years in Japan working and learning Japanese before moving back to the UK to start her career in investment management. Sara is a CFA Charter holder as well as a Fellow of the Securities Institute and holds a BA from Oxford University.


Karl Hammond – Portfolio Manager

Karl formally joined James and Sara in 2009 although he had been working closely with them since he joined Deutsche Bank in 2003. Karl initially managed a number of Japanese and Global funds within the Deutsche Bank $2bn Global Diversified business and DB Global Investment Management’s $3bn institutional and private client equity business. Karl is a CFA Charter holder and holds a first class BA from the University of Nottingham.

Statistics & Commentary


The performance data shown represents past performance. Past performance is not a guarantee of future results. Current performance may be lower or higher than the performance data quoted. The investment return and the principal value of an investment will fluctuate so that an investor's shares, when redeemed, may be worth more or less than their original cost.

Sector Breakdown as a % of AUM

as of 30/08/2019

Portfolio Characteristics

as of 30/08/2019
Main indicators Fund Index
No. of securities 30 2142
Weighted Average Market Cap (¥ bn) 4077 3341
Median Market Cap (¥ bn) 1735 43
Dividend Yield (%) 2.6 2.6
Historical Price / Earnings 11.7x 13.4x
Historical Price / Cashflow 7.0x 8.0x
Historical Price / Book 1.0x 1.1x
Volatility since inception (%) 20.1 18.4
Annualized Sharpe ratio since inception (%) 0.5 0.3
Active share (%) 82.1 -
Beta since inception 1.04 -
Tracking error since inception (%) 5.6 -
Annualized information ratio since inception 0.7 -

Top 10 Position Details

as of 30/08/2019
Security name Sector % AUM
TOYOTA MOTOR CORP Consumer Discretionary 5.92
NIPPON TELEGRAPH & TELEPHONE Communication Services 4.45
MITSUBISHI CORP Industrials 4.01
SONY CORP Consumer Discretionary 3.99
J FRONT RETAILING CO LTD Consumer Discretionary 3.63

Investment Manager's Commentary

as of 30/08/2019

Market Review and Outlook

The market fell by 3.4% during August, hit along with other world markets by the unexpected announcement early in the month that the US would implement a 10% tariff on $300bn imports from China from September 1st. This was subsequently revised to a 15% tariff and at the same time existing tariffs on $250bn of imports were raised from 25% to 30%. The Chinese responded by ordering state owned enterprises to suspend imports of US agricultural products and have stated that they are planning tariffs on $75bn of US imports. A further blow to sentiment was the announcement by Japan on August 2nd of the removal of South Korea from the list of countries that enjoy minimum export controls and later in the month the scrapping by South Korea of their military intelligence sharing pact with Japan. The Yen appreciated from 108.8 to 106.3 over the month reflecting the “risk off” attitude of global investors. Defensive stocks fared best during the sell off with cyclicals such as oil, steel and shipping all falling sharply.

First quarter results for Japanese companies showed a fall in operating profits of -10% with manufacturing sector profits down -20% while the non-manufacturing sector eked out a gain of +3%. Company forecasts call for profits to fall by just -1% in the year to 3’20 and it now seems clear that these numbers will be undershot led by the manufacturing sector which currently expects a fall of only -2%. The economic outlook remains poor as is shown by the fall in the Economy Watchers Survey outlook from 43.9 in July to only 39.1 in August though this is in part due to the anticipated impact of the consumption tax hike from 8% to 10% on October 1st. Core machinery orders fell a steep 6.6% in July, however industrial production rose by 1.3%, rebounding from June’s sharp fall though is forecast to weaken into September. The labour market remains tight despite the recent slowing in economic momentum with the unemployment rate at 2.2% in July and the jobs to applicant ratio only a little down from recent highs at 1.59x

The recent escalation of trade war tensions and announcement of additional tariffs on both sides is very disappointing as is the deterioration in political and trade relations between Japan and South Korea. With Europe struggling to deal with the UK’s impending departure from the European Union and ongoing civil unrest in Hong Kong, the global order is clearly under threat and this comes at a time when there is already clear evidence of demand weakness in Asia and Europe. While the situation appears bleak, we should not be blind to the possibility of a change in circumstances, President Trump faces re-election in 2020 and has a strong incentive to do so with a reasonably positive economic backdrop. A deal with China coupled with further fiscal stimulus would be the surest way of ensuring this. The recent sacking of National Security Advisor John Bolton may possibly presage a shift to a more constructive policy stance by the Trump administration. We believe that concerns over global growth have been the major factor behind the underperformance that Japan has exhibited against global markets over the last year and that some form of resolution to the current trade war between China and the US might prove to be a catalyst for its end. While a recovery in global growth should precipitate a recovery in performance, even in its absence we think that Japan looks attractive for longer term investors. Valuations of Japanese stocks look cheap, corporate balance sheets healthy and there are clear moves towards improving shareholder returns. We expect the Abe administration to continue to enact a pro-growth economic strategy which should help mitigate some of the negative impact of slowing global demand. These factors should help support the market even if current very uncertain conditions continue. The Topix is trading at 1.10x book, on an estimated PER of 12.3x and a dividend yield of 2.59%.


The Fund fell by 3.70% (I JPY C) in August, underperforming Topix which fell by 3.37% (dividends reinvested).

The Fund marginally underperformed Topix during the month driven by stock selection. Stock selection was negative in the capital goods, energy, media, and commercial services areas of the market. This was partially offset by a positive contribution from performance in pharmaceuticals and telecommunication services. Sector allocation was overall neutral with the positive contribution from being overweight real estate offset by value lost through being overweight energy and underweight consumer services.

At the stock level the largest contributor was again Daiichi Sankyo which continued to benefit from investor excitement over the potential for its antibody-drug conjugate cancer therapies. Keisei Railway and Mitsui Real Estate both added value, recovering from poor relative performance in July, and M3 continued its recent strong performance managing a small further gain over the month. Softbank Group fell sharply over the period reflecting investor concern over the Vision Fund and the portfolio benefited from not holding this name. JXTG Holdings was the largest negative contributor hit by the broad sell off in cyclicals and Mitsubishi Corp was also impacted by the same trend. IHI fell following poor Q1 results and Persol also fell as overseas staffing operations, an area where the management had been expecting to see an improvement, were disappointing. Yahoo Japan was also weak following results that showed slower growth in media revenues and e-commerce sales

During the month we made a number of changes to the portfolio replacing four of the Fund’s holdings in the process. We bought a position in the chemical company Denka following after recent underperformance left the stock looking very cheap; we like medium term prospects for their life science operations and their electronic materials business. This was funded by the sale of the holding in JSR which has outperformed since acquisition and where deteriorating conditions in the LCD materials supply chain may be a threat to future earnings. We bought a position in Fuji Film after it fell following Q1 results. We continue to think that their healthcare operations will drive longer term growth and believe that the weakness shown in Instax sales in Q1 is a temporary phenomenon and not reflective of end demand. We sold the position in IHI following Q1 results when it was revealed that the company has seen a sharp deterioration in their turbocharger operations and some problem boiler contracts have emerged; we now find it harder to believe in prospects for business recovery in 3’21 and 3’22. Following company meetings in Tokyo we made the decision to sell the Fund’s holding in Rohm and buy a position in Screen Holdings. Screen’s order inflow remains robust and the issue for the Company has been the deterioration in profitability over the past year. We are now more confident in prospects for a recovery in margins over the next couple of years reflecting a sharp improvement in order mix. Conversely we are concerned that weakness in overall automobile and consumer product demand will cause a significant deterioration in Rohm’s earnings and cash flow weakening the appeal of the stock. We also sold the Fund’s position in Topcon where we are concerned that the global slowdown in construction machinery demand and tough conditions in farm machinery will make it hard for the business to make progress over the next couple of years. After meeting again with Fujitsu following strong Q1 results we purchased shares in recognition of the strong outlook for their core IT operations and progress they are making in downsizing and restructuring problematic overseas operations.

Facts & Documents


Fund Domicile: Luxembourg

Management Fee: 0.90% p.a. for I shares


Fund Launch: 12 June 2014

Base Currency: JPY

Depositary, Administrator, Transfert Agent: BNP Paribas Securities Services (LU)

Dealing: Each day with 1-day notice

Cut-off time: 12 pm CET

Management Company: Alma Capital Investment Management (LU)

Investment Manager: ERIM LLP (London, UK)

Fund Managers: James Pulsford, Sara Gardiner-Hill, Karl Hammond

Countries where the fund is registered:
Austria, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Switzerland, United Kingdom, France, Singapore


Institutional USD Hedged Capitalisation share class
ISIN: LU1013117160   Ticker: AEJIUHA LX    Launch: 12 Jun 2014

Institutional GBP Hedged Capitalisation share class
ISIN: LU1013116949   Ticker: AEJIGHA LX    Launch: 12 Jun 2014

Institutional EUR Hedged Capitalisation share class
ISIN: LU1013116782   Ticker: AEJIEHA LX    Launch: 10 Dec 2014

Institutional JPY Capitalisation share class
ISIN: LU1013116519   Ticker: AEJPIJA LX    Launch: 10 Dec 2014

Institutional GBP Unhedged Capitalisation share class
ISIN: LU1152097108   Ticker: AEKJEGC LX    Launch: 17 Feb 2015

Institutional EUR Unhedged Distribution share class
ISIN: LU1870374920   Ticker: AEJLIED LX    Launch: 8 Mar 2019

Institutional EUR Unhedged Capitalisation share class
ISIN: LU1870374508   Ticker: AEJLIEC LX    Launch: 4 Feb 2019


  1. Articles of Association
  2. Prospectus - Other languages available upon request
  3. List of subcustodians
  4. Audited annual report
  5. Semi-annual report
  6. Monthly reports